Mitochondrial dysfunction has been implicated in Huntington's disease (HD) pathogenesis. We analyzed the activity of mitochondrial complexes (Cx) I-IV, protein levels of selected Cx subunits and adenine nucleotides in platelet mitochondria from pre-symptomatic versus symptomatic HD human carriers and age-matched control individuals. Mitochondrial platelets exhibited reduced activity of citrate synthase in pre-symptomatic and Cx-I in pre-symptomatic and symptomatic HD carriers. Positive correlation between Cx activity and protein subunits was observed for Cx-I in symptomatic HD patient's mitochondria. Moreover, AMP increased in mitochondria from pre-symptomatic HD carriers. Results highlight mitochondrial changes occurring before the onset of HD clinical symptoms.
Keywords: Adenine nucleotides; Huntington disease; Mitochondria; Mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes; Mutant huntingtin; Platelet.
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