Low-dose radiation activates Nrf1/2 through reactive species and the Ca(2+)/ERK1/2 signaling pathway in human skin fibroblast cells

BMB Rep. 2013 May;46(5):258-63. doi: 10.5483/bmbrep.2013.46.5.199.

Abstract

In the current study, we explored the effect of LDR on the activation of Nrfs transcription factor involved in cellular redox events. Experiments were carried out utilizing 0.05 and 0.5 Gy X-ray irradiated normal human skin fibroblast HS27 cells. The results showed LDR induced Nrf1 and Nrf2 activation and expression of antioxidant genes HO-1, Mn-SOD, and NQO1. In particular, 0.05 Gy-irradiation increased only Nrf1 activation, but 0.5 Gy induced both Nrf1 and Nrf2 activation. LDR-mediated Nrf1/2 activation was accompanied by reactive species (RS) generation and Ca(2+) flux. This effect was abolished in the presence of N-acetyl-cysteine and BAPTA- AM. Furthermore, Nrf1/2 activation by LDR was suppressed by PD98059, an inhibitor of ERK1/2. In conclusion, LDR induces Nrf1 and Nrf2 activation and expression of Nrf-regulated antioxidant defense genes through RS and Ca(2+)/ERK1/2 pathways, suggesting new insights into the molecular mechanism underlying the beneficial role of LDR in HS27 cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Calcium / metabolism*
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Proliferation / radiation effects
  • Fibroblasts / metabolism
  • Fibroblasts / radiation effects*
  • Humans
  • Ions
  • MAP Kinase Signaling System / physiology*
  • NF-E2-Related Factor 2 / genetics
  • NF-E2-Related Factor 2 / metabolism*
  • NF-E2-Related Factor 2 / radiation effects*
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction / radiation effects*
  • Skin / cytology
  • Skin / radiation effects

Substances

  • Ions
  • NF-E2-Related Factor 2
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Calcium