Background: The number of elderly and very elderly patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) is increasing. We therefore analyzed data from the German ALKK registry (Arbeitsgemeinschaft Leitende Krankenhausärzte; Working Group of Hospital Cardiologists) to determine differences in procedural features, antithrombotic treatment, and in-hospital outcome in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) according to age in a large series of patients.
Methods and results: The present analysis was based on the data of 35,534 consecutive patients undergoing elective PCI who were enrolled in the ALKK registry. Of these 27,145 (76.4 %) were younger than 75 years, 7,645 (21.5 %) were aged between 75 and 84 years, and 744 (2.1 %) patients were older than 85 years. Mean age was 68.5 years (60.9-74.5 years), and 25,784 patients (72.6 %) were male. Overall intraprocedural events were very low (1.1 %) and there was no significant difference between the three age groups [< 75 years (1.1 %); 75-< 85 years (1.2 %); ≥ 85 years (0.5 %) (p = not significant)]. Rates of in-hospital death, stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA), as well as the combined endpoint in-hospital major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) were also very low (0.6 % vs. 0.9 % vs. 0.9 %; p < 0.001) but significantly higher in elderly patients with no further increase in the very elderly patient group.
Conclusion: We found no differences in this registry in intraprocedural complications during elective PCI between younger and elderly patients. Although in-hospital MACCE were somewhat higher in the elderly, the overall event rate was low and thus elderly patients should not be deprived from this therapy because of age alone.