Effect of intermolecular hydrogen bonding, vibrational analysis and molecular structure of 4-chlorobenzothioamide

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2013 Sep;113:130-6. doi: 10.1016/j.saa.2013.04.102. Epub 2013 May 7.


In the present work, the experimental and theoretical vibrational spectra of 4-chlorobenzothioamide were investigated. The FT-IR (400-4000 cm(-1)) and μ-Raman spectra (100-4000 cm(-1)) of 4-chlorobenzothioamide in the solid phase were recorded. The geometric parameters (bond lengths and bond angles), vibrational frequencies, Infrared and Raman intensities of the title molecule in the ground state were calculated using ab initio Hartree-Fock and density functional theory (B3LYP) methods with the 6-311++G(d,p) basis set for the first time. The optimized geometric parameters and the theoretical vibrational frequencies were found to be in good agreement with the corresponding experimental data and with the results found in the literature. The vibrational frequencies were assigned based on the potential energy distribution using the VEDA 4 program. The dimeric form of 4-chlorobenzothioamide was also simulated to evaluate the effect of intermolecular hydrogen bonding on the vibrational frequencies. It was observed that the N-H stretching modes shifted to lower frequencies, while the in-plane and out-of-plane bending modes shifted to higher frequencies due to the intermolecular N-H···S hydrogen bond. Also, the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energies and diagrams were presented.

Keywords: 4-Chlorobenzothioamide; DFT; FT-IR; Hatree–Fock; Hydrogen bonding; μ-Raman spectroscopy.

MeSH terms

  • Amides / chemistry*
  • Hydrogen Bonding
  • Molecular Conformation
  • Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
  • Spectrum Analysis, Raman*
  • Thermodynamics
  • Thioamides / chemistry*
  • Vibration*


  • 4-chlorobenzothioamide
  • Amides
  • Thioamides