Efficacy of combined therapy of goserelin and letrozole on very young women with advanced breast cancer as first-line endocrine therapy

Endocr J. 2013;60(6):819-28. doi: 10.1507/endocrj.ej12-0434. Epub 2013 Mar 1.


Breast cancer in young women younger than 35 years old is rare, aggressive and associated with a poor prognosis. Endocrine therapy is a preferred treatment modality in hormone receptor-positive early stage and advanced breast cancer, combined therapy of goserelin and letrozole presents an option for premenopausal women. We reported the efficacy and safety of therapy of goserelin plus letrozole on very young women with advanced breast cancer as first-line endocrine therapy. Thirty-five patients with first diagnosed as advanced breast cancer, age younger than 35 years, were enrolled in the study. All patients received goserelin 3.6 mg by subcutaneous injection every 4 weeks along with letrozole 2.5mg daily by mouth as first-line endocrine therapy. The study endpoints were objective response rate (ORR), clinical benefit (CB), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and toxicity. The median duration of response to the therapy was 21 (range, 10-56) months, and median duration of follow-up was 44 (range, 5-79) months. The ORR was 25.7%, with one complete response (CR, 2.9%) and eight partial response (PR, 22.9%). Twenty-two patients had stable disease at 24 weeks, for a clinical benefit rate of 65.7%. The median PFS was 9.6 (range 5-58) months and median OS was 33 (range 6-72) months. During the therapy and follow-up, no serious toxicities were reported. Combined therapy of goserelin and letrozole appears to be an efficacious and well-tolerated therapy for very young women with advanced breast cancer. Further investigations involving more patients, combination of other therapies and longer follow-up are requisite.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age of Onset
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal / administration & dosage
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal / therapeutic use*
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use*
  • Breast Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Breast Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Breast Neoplasms / pathology
  • Disease Progression
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Female
  • Goserelin / adverse effects
  • Goserelin / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Letrozole
  • Neoadjuvant Therapy
  • Nitriles / adverse effects
  • Nitriles / therapeutic use*
  • Pregnancy
  • Survival Analysis
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Triazoles / adverse effects
  • Triazoles / therapeutic use*
  • Young Adult


  • Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
  • Nitriles
  • Triazoles
  • Goserelin
  • Letrozole