Using grey literature to prepare pharmacy students for an evolving healthcare delivery system

Am J Pharm Educ. 2013 May 13;77(4):82. doi: 10.5688/ajpe77482.


Objectives: To assess the impact of using "grey literature" (information internally produced in print or electronic format by agencies such as hospitals, government, businesses, etc) rather than a textbook in a course on healthcare delivery systems on students' perception of the relevance of healthcare delivery system topics and their ability to identify credible sources of this information.

Design: A reading from the grey literature was identified and assigned to the students for each topic in the course.

Assessment: Pre- and post-course survey instruments were used for the assessment. Students reported healthcare delivery systems topics to be moderately relevant to the profession of pharmacy on both the pre- and post-course survey instruments. Students' knowledge of current and credible sources of information on healthcare delivery system topics significantly improved based on self-reports and scores on objective assessments (p<0.05).

Conclusions: Assignment of grey literature in a course on healthcare delivery systems can be used to ensure that information in the pharmacy school curriculum is the most current and credible information available.

Keywords: grey literature; healthcare delivery system; healthcare reform.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Curriculum
  • Delivery of Health Care*
  • Drug Information Services*
  • Education, Pharmacy / methods*
  • Educational Measurement
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Program Development
  • Program Evaluation
  • Students, Pharmacy*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Teaching / methods*
  • Textbooks as Topic
  • Young Adult