Setting up and improving retinopathy of prematurity programs: interaction of neonatology, nursing, and ophthalmology

Clin Perinatol. 2013 Jun;40(2):215-27. doi: 10.1016/j.clp.2013.02.006.


Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) programs require collaboration between neonatologists, ophthalmologists, nurses, and allied health personnel, together with parents. The concept of a ROP program will vary according to the setting. However, in every situation there should be 2 main aspects: primary prevention of ROP through better overall care, and secondary prevention through case detection (often called screening), treatment, and follow-up. ROP programs will have different content and emphasis according to whether the setting is in an economically advanced or developing country.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cooperative Behavior
  • Developed Countries
  • Developing Countries
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature / physiology
  • Neonatal Screening / organization & administration*
  • Parents / education
  • Patient Care Team / organization & administration*
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Program Development / methods*
  • Quality Improvement
  • Retinopathy of Prematurity / diagnosis
  • Retinopathy of Prematurity / prevention & control*
  • Retinopathy of Prematurity / therapy