A 37-year-old man developed Henoch--Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) with nephrotic syndrome and rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis after otitis media and externa due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection. Despite resolution of the infection and prednisolone therapy, his kidney disease worsened. However, the addition of cyclosporine A finally resulted in complete remission of the nephrotic syndrome. A review of similar cases with post-Staphylococcal infection HSPN revealed strong similarities between this entity and immunoglobulin A-dominant postinfectious glomerulonephritis (IgA-PIGN), an increasingly recognized form of PIGN typically associated with Staphylococcal infection, in both clinical and morphological features. Post-Staphylococcal infection HSPN may constitute a subgroup of IgA-PIGN.