Prevalence and risk factors for stroke in an adult population in a rural community in the Niger Delta, south-south Nigeria

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2014 Mar;23(3):505-10. doi: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2013.04.010. Epub 2013 May 28.


Sub-Saharan Africa is experiencing an epidemiologic transition with stroke contributing to the disease burden. However, community-based stroke prevalence studies are sparse. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of stroke in a rural population in the Niger Delta region in south-south Nigeria and to describe known risk factors for stroke among them. A door-to-door stroke prevalence study was conducted in 2008 among randomly selected adults of 18 years or older in rural Kegbara-Dere community in Rivers State, south-south Nigeria. We administered a modified screening tool by the World Health Organization, a stroke-specific questionnaire, and conducted a physical/neurological examination (on persons screening positive) in 3 stages of assessments. The crude prevalence of stroke was 8.51/1000 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.9-16.1) representing 9 of 1057 participants. The age-adjusted prevalence was 12.3/1000 using the US Population 2000. Men had higher unadjusted prevalence than women (12.9/1000 versus 5.1/1000) but were not at more risk (unadjusted relative risk = .99; 95% CI = .98-1.00). Stroke prevalence increased with age (Mantel-Haenszel χ(2) P = .00). Hypertension (blood pressure ≥140/90 mm Hg) was present in all stroke cases and diabetes mellitus (fasting blood sugar >126 mg/dL) in 1 person, but none had hypercholesterolemia, obesity (body mass index >30 kg/m(2)), or a history of alcohol intake or smoking. Stroke prevalence was found to be high, commoner among men and the elderly population, and likely to be predisposed by hypertension, in rural south-south Nigeria. The need to conduct follow-up studies on the burden and outcomes of stroke among this study population is acknowledged.

Keywords: Niger Delta; Nigeria; Stroke; prevalence; rural population.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Comorbidity
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Life Style
  • Linear Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nigeria / epidemiology
  • Odds Ratio
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Rural Health*
  • Stroke / diagnosis
  • Stroke / epidemiology*
  • Young Adult