Delivering Sprinkles Plus through the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) to reduce anemia in pre-school children in India

Indian J Pediatr. 2013 Dec;80(12):990-5. doi: 10.1007/s12098-013-1063-2. Epub 2013 May 31.


Objective: To assess the effectiveness of micronutrient powder (MNP) supplementation in reducing anemia levels in children aged 6 mo to 6 y in India.

Methods: Sixty sachets of MNP (Sprinkles Plus) were administered flexibly over a 4 mo period to 17,124 children at anganwadi centers or at home through Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS). Compliance was monitored using compliance cards and an assessment of mother's recall at post-intervention survey. Hemoglobin was measured in separate random samples of 1,786 children before and 1,782 children after MNP supplementation.

Results: Mean compliance rate was estimated at 56.4 % (based on mother's recall) and 91.7 % (based on compliance cards) for children who received MNP at home. Mean compliance was 96.9 % (based on compliance cards) for children who received MNP at anganwadis. A significant reduction in anemia (50 % to 33 % in boys; p-value <.000; 47.4 % to 34.2 % in girls) was seen following MNP supplementation.

Conclusions: Integration of a flexibly administered MNP supplementation into the ICDS is effective in reducing and treating anemia in children 6 mo to 6 y age.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anemia, Iron-Deficiency / therapy*
  • Child
  • Child Health Services
  • Child, Preschool
  • Dietary Supplements*
  • Humans
  • India
  • Infant
  • Patient Compliance