Interleukin (IL)-22 secreting CD4(+) T (Th22) cells and IL-22 are involved in the pathogenesis of autoimmune disease, but their role in neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and multiple sclerosis (MS) is unclear. We measured the proportion of Th22, Th17, CD4(+)IL-22(+)IL-17A(+) T cells and serum IL-22 in NMO and MS patients. The proportion of Th22 cells, Th17 cells and serum IL-22 were increased in patients with NMO and MS. Our findings suggest that increased Th22 cells may play an important role in the pathogenesis of NMO and MS.
Keywords: IL-22; IL-22 secreting CD4+ T cells; MS; NMO; Th22 cells.
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