Using a smaller dining plate does not suppress food intake from a buffet lunch meal in overweight, unrestrained women

Appetite. 2013 Oct;69:102-7. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2013.05.017. Epub 2013 May 30.

Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine whether plate size affects ad libitum energy intake (EI) at a buffet-style lunch in overweight, yet unrestrained women. Twenty overweight/obese (BMI=25-40 kg/m(2)) women attended two study visits, and were randomly assigned to small (19.5 cm) or large (26.5 cm) diameter plate size at a free choice lunch meal. At 9 am participants were given a small (0.5 MJ) breakfast, followed at 12 noon by the lunch meal from which they ate ad lib until comfortably full. Mean (SEM) EI at lunch was 3975 (239)kJ and 3901 (249) kJ respectively for small and large plate size. There was no detectable difference in EI between the two plate sizes (P>0.05). When in a raised state of hunger and offered a palatable buffet meal, altering the diameter of the dining plate onto which food was self-served did not significantly alter ad lib EI. We conclude there was no evidence that a smaller plate suppressed EI in a group of unrestrained, overweight women encouraged to eat to appetite from a wide choice of items. Whether plate size is a useful cue for portion size, and hence control of EI, in individuals actively restricting intake however remains possible, and requires investigation.

Keywords: Ad libitum intake; Appetite; Energy intake; Overweight; Plate size; Women.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Body Mass Index
  • Cooking and Eating Utensils*
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Eating / psychology*
  • Energy Intake
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hunger
  • Impulsive Behavior / psychology
  • Lunch*
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / psychology
  • Overweight / psychology*
  • Satiation