Current concepts and trends for operative treatment of FAI: hip arthroscopy

Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2013 Sep;6(3):242-9. doi: 10.1007/s12178-013-9170-2.


There has been an increasing body of literature regarding arthroscopic management of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). Refinement of arthroscopic techniques has allowed for more complete management of FAI, and meta-analysis and systematic reviews have shown comparable outcomes to surgical hip dislocation with appropriate indications. There are still, however, pathomorphologies that are not accessible or much more challenging to address arthroscopically, and open corrective procedures should be considered in these situations. Extra-articular FAI is receiving increased attention and can be secondary to anterior inferior iliac spine/subspine impingement, trochanteric-pelvic impingement, and ischio-femoral impingement. Femoral and acetabular version and their impact on hip stability as well as the concept of impingement induced instability are being increasingly recognized. Acetabular labral and capsular management and repair techniques have also received increased attention. Finally, 3-dimensional imaging and dynamic software analysis are beginning to emerge as potential tools to better evaluate hip pathomorphology.