Mechanical evaluation of adjunctive fixation for prevention of periprosthetic femur fracture with the Zurich cementless total hip prosthesis

Vet Surg. 2013 Jun;42(5):529-34. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-950X.2013.12018.x. Epub 2013 Jun 3.

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate whether cerclage wire or a lateral plate increases the peak-torque load to failure, compared to femora without adjunctive fixation, in femora implanted with Zurich Cementless stems.

Study design: In vitro biomechanical study.

Sample population: Paired femora from adult dogs (n = 24) weighing 28-35 kg.

Methods: Pairs of femora were implanted with a stem and randomly assigned to 2 treatment groups: cerclage or plate. Within each pair, either 3 loop cerclage wires or a laterally applied 12-hole Advanced Locking Plate System 10-mm plate (ALPS 10) were implanted in a femur, whereas the contralateral femur acted as control with no adjunctive fixation. After application of a static axial load each specimen was loaded to failure in torsion. Peak torque load at failure was compared between femora with each adjunctive fixation and the control using a paired t-test; P < .05 was considered significant.

Results: In both treatment groups, femora with adjunctive fixation failed at higher loads compared to the femora without fixation; however, significant difference in peak torque at failure between treated femora and control was found only in the plated group (P < .05). Femora implanted with plates and with cerclage were 13.9% and 7.2% stronger in torsion than the femora without fixation, respectively.

Conclusions: Adjunctive fixation with a laterally applied ALPS 10 may aid in the prevention of peri-prosthetic fractures associated with Zurich Cementless medium stems.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Bone Plates
  • Bone Wires
  • Cadaver
  • Dogs*
  • Female
  • Femur
  • Fractures, Bone / prevention & control
  • Hip Prosthesis / veterinary*
  • Materials Testing
  • Prosthesis Design