An altered beta B2-crystallin is synthesized in the lens of the Philly mouse. This beta B2 has a more acidic isoelectric point than the beta B2 that is isolated from normal mouse lens. The altered beta B2 is immunologically reactive with antibody to the amino terminal of the beta B2-crystallin, but appears to be present in only very small quantities in the Philly lens. When the soluble proteins are isolated from the Philly lens and chromatographed by gel exclusion chromatography, the beta B2 can be found primarily in the heavy molecular weight fraction. Some immunoreactive material was also found throughout the higher molecular weight beta-crystallin region, beta H, and the lower molecular weight region, beta L. These results would indicate that the altered beta B2-crystallin in the Philly lens can interact with the other beta-crystallins in the lens; however, interactions of the beta B2-crystallin with the other proteins of the lens may cause rapid aggregation of the cellular proteins leading to the formation of the heavy molecular weight material. The increased number of these aggregates may eventually lead to the cataract formation in the Philly mouse.