Acridine derivatives have been explored as DNA-binding anticancer agents. Some derivatives show undesired pharmacokinetic properties and new derivatives need to be explored. In this work, a series of novel acridine analogues were synthesized by modifying previously unexplored linkers between the acridine and benzene groups and their antiproliferative activity and the DNA-binding ability were evaluated. Among these derivatives, compound 5c demonstrated DNA-binding capability and topoisomerase I inhibitory activity. In K562 cell lines, 5c induced apoptosis through mitochondria-dependent intrinsic pathways. These data suggested that compound 5c and other acridine derivatives with modified linkers between the acridine and benzene groups might be potent DNA-binding agents.
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.