Background: Bacterial vaginosis (BV), a poly-microbial clinical syndrome, is the most common cause of vaginal symptoms among women. The recurrence rate of BV is up to 30% after traditional antimicrobial therapy. Lactobacillus rhamnosus vaginal tablets have demonstrated to be a reliable topical effective and safe treatment to reduce the BV recurrence rate.
Aim: to assess topical long-lasting (6 months) Lactobacillus rhamnosus effectiveness in decreasing recurrences in women with positive anamnesis of recurrent BV and concomitant hypo-estrogenism as consequence of surgical menopause.
Patients and methods: A total of 22 consecutive patients affected by recurrent BV and treated for surgical menopause for benign pathology were enrolled. All women were treated with Lactobacillus rhamnosus vaginal tablets (Normogin(®)) according to the following protocol: 1 tablet/day for 6 days, than two tablets per week for 2 months and then one tablet once a week till 6 months.
Results: Of the 22 women enrolled only one has been lost after the first visit. A total of 21 cases were reported; 7 out of 21 had only one case of recurrence, while 2 out of 21 had two episodes of BV during the year successive to menopause. No side effects have been reported.
Conclusions: Considering the low recurrence rate of BV during follow-up it seems that long-lasting treatment with vaginal tablets of Lactobacillus rhamnosus could reduce the BV recurrence also in women at high risk with positive history of pathology and undergoing surgical menopause with a safe profile. This study supports the use of vaginal Lactobacillus rhamnosus administration in high risk population without side effects.