Diagnosis and management of adnexal masses in pregnancy

J Surg Tech Case Rep. 2012 Jul;4(2):79-85. doi: 10.4103/2006-8808.110249.


Widespread use of ultrasound in early pregnancy has led to the detection of incidental adnexal masses more frequently. This article reviews the diagnosis and management options for adnexal masses in pregnancy. The availability of high-resolution ultrasound has made observation to be a viable option in some cases. However, for those masses suspicious of malignancy, at risk of torsion, rupture, or clinically symptomatic, surgical treatment is warranted. Laparoscopy has been successfully used in pregnancy and is safe in experienced and trained hands in properly equipped units.

Keywords: Adnexae; masses; pregnancy; review.