Designing the next generation of medicines for malaria control and eradication

Malar J. 2013 Jun 6;12:187. doi: 10.1186/1475-2875-12-187.

Abstract

In the fight against malaria new medicines are an essential weapon. For the parts of the world where the current gold standard artemisinin combination therapies are active, significant improvements can still be made: for example combination medicines which allow for single dose regimens, cheaper, safer and more effective medicines, or improved stability under field conditions. For those parts of the world where the existing combinations show less than optimal activity, the priority is to have activity against emerging resistant strains, and other criteria take a secondary role. For new medicines to be optimal in malaria control they must also be able to reduce transmission and prevent relapse of dormant forms: additional constraints on a combination medicine. In the absence of a highly effective vaccine, new medicines are also needed to protect patient populations. In this paper, an outline definition of the ideal and minimally acceptable characteristics of the types of clinical candidate molecule which are needed (target candidate profiles) is suggested. In addition, the optimal and minimally acceptable characteristics of combination medicines are outlined (target product profiles). MMV presents now a suggested framework for combining the new candidates to produce the new medicines. Sustained investment over the next decade in discovery and development of new molecules is essential to enable the long-term delivery of the medicines needed to combat malaria.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antimalarials / isolation & purification*
  • Antimalarials / pharmacokinetics
  • Antimalarials / pharmacology
  • Antimalarials / therapeutic use
  • Drug Discovery / methods*
  • Drug Discovery / trends
  • Drug Resistance
  • Drug Stability
  • Drug Therapy, Combination / methods
  • Humans
  • Malaria / drug therapy*
  • Malaria / prevention & control*

Substances

  • Antimalarials