D-Peptides, as the enantiomers of the naturally occurring L-peptides, usually resist endogenous proteases and are presumably insensitive to most enzymes. But, it is unclear whether or how a phosphatase catalyzes the dephosphorylation from D-peptides. In this work, we examine the formation of the nanofibers of D-peptides via enzymatic dephosphorylation. By comparing the enzymatic hydrogelation of L-peptide and D-peptide based hydrogelators, we find that the chirality of the precursors of the hydrogelators affects little on the enzymatic hydrogelation resulted from the removal of the phosphate group from a tyrosine phosphate residue. The attachment of a therapeutic agent (e.g., taxol) or a fluorophore (e.g., 4-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole) to the D-peptide based hydrogelators affords a new type of biostable or biocompatible hydrogelators, which may find applications in intratumoral chemotherapy or intracellular imaging, respectively. This work, as the first comprehensive and systematic study of the unexpected enzymatic dephosphorylation of D-peptides, illustrates a useful approach to generate supramolecular hydrogels that have both biostability and other desired functions.