Growing Self-Organizing Mini-Guts From a Single Intestinal Stem Cell: Mechanism and Applications

Science. 2013 Jun 7;340(6137):1190-4. doi: 10.1126/science.1234852.

Abstract

Recent examples have highlighted how stem cells have the capability to initiate morphogenesis in vitro; that is, to generate complex structures in culture that closely parallel their in vivo counterparts. Lgr5, the receptor for the Wnt-agonistic R-spondins, marks stem cells in multiple adult organs of mice and humans. In R-spondin-based three-dimensional cultures, these Lgr5 stem cells can grow into ever-expanding epithelial organoids that retain their original organ identity. Single Lgr5 stem cells derived from the intestine can be cultured to build epithelial structures that retain hallmarks of the in vivo epithelium. Here, we review the mechanisms that support this notable example of self-organization and discuss applications of this technology for stem cell research, disease modeling (e.g., for colorectal cancer and cystic fibrosis), and regenerative medicine.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult Stem Cells / physiology*
  • Animals
  • Cell Count
  • Cell Culture Techniques*
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Ephrin-B1 / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Intestinal Mucosa / physiology
  • Intestine, Small / growth & development*
  • Mice
  • Morphogenesis*
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / genetics
  • Regenerative Medicine*
  • Stem Cell Niche
  • Wnt Proteins / metabolism

Substances

  • Ephrin-B1
  • Lgr5 protein, mouse
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
  • Wnt Proteins