Objectives: Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is a common disorder in children, which is associated with enhanced inflammatory status. Inflammation-associated changes could be monitored by the assessment of exhaled biomarker profile. This study aimed to compare the exhaled biomarker profile in children with OSAS and habitual snorers.
Methods: Eighteen children with OSAS (8 ± 2 years, mean ± SD) and ten non-OSAS subjects with habitual snoring (9 ± 2 years) were recruited. Exhaled breath was collected from the lower airways, processed using an electronic nose (E-nose) and analyzed off-line using principal component analysis, followed by discrimination analysis and logistic regression to build a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.
Results: Exhaled biomarker pattern of OSAS patients was discriminated from that of control subjects (p = 0.03, cross-validation accuracy: 64%), ROC curve analysis (area: 0.83) showed 78% sensitivity and 70% specificity.
Conclusions: The altered exhaled biomarker pattern in OSAS might reflect accelerated airway and/or systemic inflammation in diseased state. Breath pattern analysis by an E-nose can serve as a new tool to monitor inflammation in children with OSAS.
Keywords: Breath analysis; Electronic nose; Exhaled volatile; Inflammation; Polysomnography; Sleep-disordered breathing.
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.