Myocardial fibrosis assessed by late gadolinium enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance imaging is associated with cardiovascular events in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC), but few data are available regarding the utility of biomarkers for detecting late gadolinium enhancement. The aim of this study was to examine serum levels of myoglobin, cardiac myosin light chain I, high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT), and creatine kinase-MB isoenzyme and plasma levels of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in relation to late gadolinium enhancement in 53 patients with HC. Levels of hs-cTnT and BNP were higher in 23 patients with late gadolinium enhancement than in 30 patients without it (p <0.01 for both). An hs-cTnT level ≥0.007 ng/ml or a BNP level ≥70 pg/ml had good diagnostic value for detecting late gadolinium enhancement, with sensitivity of 96% or specificity of 90% with the combination of these 2 biomarkers. The extent of late gadolinium enhancement was correlated with BNP level (p <0.01) but not with hs-cTnT level in 23 patients with HC with late gadolinium enhancement. The increase in the extent of late gadolinium enhancement was related to hs-cTnT level in 8 patients during 22 months of follow-up (p = 0.02). In conclusion, the combination of hs-cTnT and BNP is useful in detecting myocardial fibrosis in patients with HC. The findings of this study indicate that hs-cTnT is a direct marker of ongoing myocardial fibrosis and that BNP is a marker of left ventricular overload partially associated with myocardial fibrosis.
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