The term quality of care has been interpreted in different ways in medicine. Skeptics of the quality movement insist that checkboxes and government and payer oversight will not lead to better patient outcomes. Supporters refer to areas in medicine in which quality improvement efforts have led to improved survival, such as in cystic fibrosis and cardiovascular disease. For quality improvement to be effective, the process demands rigorous documentation, analysis, feedback, and behavioral change. This requires valid metrics and mechanisms to provide dynamic point-of-care (or close to point of care) feedback in a manner that drives improvement. For inflammatory bowel disease, work has been performed in Europe and the United States to develop a framework for how practitioners can improve quality of care. Improve Care Now has created a sophisticated quality improvement program for pediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease. The American Gastroenterology Association has worked within the National Quality Strategy framework to develop quality measures for patients with inflammatory bowel disease that have been incorporated into Federal programs that are moving Medicare reimbursement from a volume-based to a value-based structure. The Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America is initiating a quality intervention program that can be implemented in community and academic practices to stimulate continual improvement processes for patients with inflammatory bowel disease. All of this work is intended to make quality improvement programs both feasible and useful, with the ultimate goal of improving quality of life for our patients.
Keywords: AGA; American Gastroenterological Association; BTE; Bridges to Excellence; CCFA; CF; CMS; Centers for Medicare and Medicaid; Colitis; Crohn's; Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America; GI; IBD; ICN; Improve Care Now; Inflammatory Bowel Disease; MAP; Measures Application Partnership; NNECDSG; NQF; NQS; National Quality Forum; National Quality Strategy; Northern New England Cardiovascular Disease Study Group; PQRS; Physician Quality Reporting System; Quality of Care; cystic fibrosis; gastrointestinal; inflammatory bowel disease.
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