The role of gender in the association between child maltreatment and substance use behavior: a systematic review of longitudinal research from 1995 to 2011

Subst Use Misuse. 2013 Jun;48(8):645-60. doi: 10.3109/10826084.2013.800115. Epub 2013 Jun 10.


This systematic review analyzes the role of gender in the association between childhood maltreatment and substance use outcomes, among longitudinal papers published between 1995 and 2011. Ten papers examined gender as a moderating variable. Results on gender differences were mixed. When studies that found no gender effects were compared with studies that did identify gender effects, differences in measurement, sample composition, and developmental timing of outcomes were identified. This review also examines how gender effects are assessed. Implications and limitations of these findings are discussed. Areas for future research are identified.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult Survivors of Child Abuse / psychology*
  • Child
  • Child Abuse / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Sex Characteristics*
  • Sex Factors
  • Substance-Related Disorders / psychology*