Objective: To evaluate the effect of aspirin and nonaspirin antiplatelet agents (NAAAs) on the performance of the fecal immunochemical test (FIT).
Participants and methods: We performed a post hoc analysis of results from a clinical trial that involved 28,696 asymptomatic average-risk men and women aged 50 to 69 years invited to participate in a colorectal cancer screening program with FIT between November 1, 2008, and June 31, 2011.
Results: The test was returned by 6390 individuals (22.3%), of whom 5821 (91.1%) reported not using antiplatelet drugs (nonusers group) and 569 (8.9%) reported using these drugs at the time of testing (users group). The FIT result was positive in 48 of 569 users (8.4%) and 365 of 5821 nonusers (6.3%) (P=.05). A positive FIT result was found in 7.3% (28/384) of aspirin users, 7.1% (10/140) of NAAA users, and 22.2% (10/45) of those undergoing dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) (aspirin plus an NAAA). The DAPT subgroup had a significantly higher positive FIT rate than the nonuser group (odds ratio, 3.5; 95% CI, 1.7-7.3; P<.05). The positive predictive value (PPV) for advanced neoplasia (AN) in nonusers was 50.4% vs 50.0% in users (P = .40). The PPV for AN was 57.0% in aspirin users, 30.0% in NAAA users, and 50.0% in DAPT users, without statistically significant differences between the user and nonuser groups.
Conclusion: The use of DAPT increased the rate of positive FIT results. Use of aspirin, NAAAs, or both did not modify the PPV for AN in this population-based colorectal screening program.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00906997.
Copyright © 2013 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.