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, 163 (1 Pt 1), 78-80

Detection of Fetal Blood Contamination by Amniotic Fluid Obtained During Cordocentesis

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Detection of Fetal Blood Contamination by Amniotic Fluid Obtained During Cordocentesis

N Lazebnik et al. Am J Obstet Gynecol.

Abstract

When a fetal blood sample is obtained by cordocentesis it is important to know whether the sample is diluted with amniotic fluid. This study was designed to assess whether contaminated fetal blood samples could be discriminated from noncontaminated ones by the ferning test, and if so what is the minimum dilution ratio of amniotic fluid/fetal blood that is detectable. Fetal blood samples were diluted with amniotic fluid and were tested for ferning under the microscope after the plasma was separated from the cells. At a dilution ratio of 0.2 ml of amniotic fluid to 1 ml of fetal blood, 30% of the samples tested positive for ferning. A rate of 100% detection of ferning was achieved at a dilution ratio of 0.6:1. In conclusion, screening fetal blood samples for ferning can detect amniotic fluid contamination. The sensitivity of the test for ferning depends on the dilution ratio. The test cannot assess how much amniotic fluid was added to the blood sample.

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