Computational analysis of anti-HIV-1 antibody neutralization panel data to identify potential functional epitope residues

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Jun 25;110(26):10598-603. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1309215110. Epub 2013 Jun 10.


Advances in single-cell antibody cloning methods have led to the identification of a variety of broadly neutralizing anti-HIV-1 antibodies. We developed a computational tool (Antibody Database) to help identify critical residues on the HIV-1 envelope protein whose natural variation affects antibody activity. Our simplifying assumption was that, for a given antibody, a significant portion of the dispersion of neutralization activity across a panel of HIV-1 strains is due to the amino acid identity or glycosylation state at a small number of specific sites, each acting independently. A model of an antibody's neutralization IC50 was developed in which each site contributes a term to the logarithm of the modeled IC50. The analysis program attempts to determine the set of rules that minimizes the sum of the residuals between observed and modeled IC50 values. The predictive quality of the identified rules may be assessed in part by whether there is support for rules within individual viral clades. As a test case, we analyzed antibody 8ANC195, an anti-glycoprotein gp120 antibody of unknown specificity. The model for this antibody indicated that several glycosylation sites were critical for neutralization. We evaluated this prediction by measuring neutralization potencies of 8ANC195 against HIV-1 in vitro and in an antibody therapy experiment in humanized mice. These experiments confirmed that 8ANC195 represents a distinct class of glycan-dependent anti-HIV-1 antibody and validated the utility of computational analysis of neutralization panel data.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Neutralizing / metabolism*
  • Computational Biology / methods
  • Epitope Mapping / methods
  • Epitopes / chemistry
  • Epitopes / genetics
  • Epitopes / physiology*
  • HIV Antibodies / immunology*
  • HIV Antigens / chemistry
  • HIV Antigens / genetics
  • HIV Antigens / immunology*
  • HIV Envelope Protein gp120 / chemistry
  • HIV Envelope Protein gp120 / genetics
  • HIV Envelope Protein gp120 / immunology
  • HIV-1 / genetics
  • HIV-1 / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred NOD
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Models, Immunological
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neutralization Tests
  • env Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus / chemistry
  • env Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus / genetics
  • env Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus / immunology*


  • Antibodies, Neutralizing
  • Epitopes
  • HIV Antibodies
  • HIV Antigens
  • HIV Envelope Protein gp120
  • env Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  • gp120 protein, Human immunodeficiency virus 1