In the cell, mRNAs and non-coding RNAs exist in association with proteins to form ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complexes. Regulation of RNP stability and function is achieved by alterations to the RNP through poorly understood mechanisms into which recent studies have now begun to provide insight. This emerging body of work points to chemical modification of RNPs at the RNA or protein level and ATP-dependent RNP remodeling by RNA helicases/RNA-dependent ATPases as central events that dictate RNA fate. Some RNP modifications serve as tags for recruitment of regulatory proteins, with RNP modifiers and recruited proteins analogous to the writers and readers of chromatin modification, respectively. This review highlights examples in which RNP modification and ATP-dependent remodeling play key roles in the control of eukaryotic RNA fate, suggesting that we are only at the beginning of uncovering the multitude of ways in which RNP modification and remodeling impact RNA regulation.
Keywords: RNA decay; RNA helicase; RNA modification; RNA tailing; RNP modification; post-translational modification; ribonucleotidyltransferase; uridylation.
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.