Fungal species need to cope with stress, both in the natural environment and during interaction of human- or plant pathogenic fungi with their host. Many regulatory circuits governing the fungal stress response have already been discovered. However, there are still large gaps in the knowledge concerning the changes of the proteome during adaptation to environmental stress conditions. With the application of proteomic methods, particularly 2D-gel and gel-free, LC/MS-based methods, first insights into the composition and dynamic changes of the fungal stress proteome could be obtained. Here, we review the recent proteome data generated for filamentous fungi and yeasts. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Trends in Microbial Proteomics.
Keywords: Fungi; Hypoxia; Oxidative stress; Proteome; Stress response.
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