Magnetic resonance imaging and neurobehavioral correlates in schizencephaly

Arch Neurol. 1990 Aug;47(8):911-6. doi: 10.1001/archneur.1990.00530080099017.

Abstract

We studied three patients with schizencephaly and related the results of comprehensive neuropsychologic and speech/language assessments to the severity and location of the brain malformations as appreciated by magnetic resonance imaging. Level of general intellectual functioning related to the amount of brain tissue involved, and variations in specific neurobehavioral abilities reflected the location of the brain malformation and the prenatal onset of the disorder. The overall findings emphasize the importance of comprehensive neuropsychologic and speech/language studies for appreciating the impact of prenatal neural insult on the functional reorganization of the brain and subsequent neurobehavioral functioning.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Brain / abnormalities*
  • Brain / pathology*
  • Female
  • Functional Laterality
  • Humans
  • Intellectual Disability / diagnosis
  • Language Disorders / diagnosis
  • Language Tests
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Psychomotor Performance