The impact of newer atypical antipsychotics on patient-reported outcomes in schizophrenia

CNS Drugs. 2013 Aug;27(8):625-36. doi: 10.1007/s40263-013-0070-1.


Over the past two decades there has been increasing interest in including patients' self-reports in the management of their illness. Among the many reasons for such recent interest has been a rising consumer movement over the past few decades, which has led patients, their caregivers and their families to press for more meaningful sharing with physicians in the clinical decision-making process, with the clear expectations of better therapies and improved outcomes. Patients as consumers of services, their views, attitudes towards healthcare, as well as their level of satisfaction with care, have become increasingly recognized. The recent interest by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), as well as other regulatory agencies, in patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in the process of developing and testing new antipsychotics, has also added more impetus. It is clear that including patients in the decision-making process about the management of their psychiatric conditions also broadens the concept of 'recovery', by empowering patients to be active participants and gives a clear message that successful treatment in schizophrenia is more than a symptomatic improvement, but also includes improved functional status. Additionally, the recent interest in personalized medicine puts the patient in the centre of such development. Since 2004, when we published our review about the impact of new antipsychotics on quality of life in CNS Drugs, a number of newer antipsychotics have been introduced and include ziprasidone, aripiprazole, paliperidone, asenapine, iloperidone and lurasidone. The current review is based on 31 selected publications that cover the years 2004-2012, and deals with the impact of such newer antipsychotics on specific domains of PROs, such as subjective tolerability, quality of life, medication preference, satisfaction and social functioning. Most of the available data deal with ziprasidone, aripiprazole and paliperidone. Though the great majority of the studies indicate the newer antipsychotics have favourably impacted on aspects of PROs, such a conclusion can only be considered a trend due to the many design and methodological limitations of many of these studies. It is interesting to note, as the field awaits more rigorous studies, that there seems to be a unifying core that exists among the various subjective outcomes and that tends to generalize from one subjective outcome to other subjective outcomes. The patient who experiences good subjective tolerability to medications tends generally to be more satisfied and has a strong medication preference. The identification of such a unifying core can prove helpful, not only in the development of appropriate scales, but also in informing and guiding the process of development of new antipsychotics.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antipsychotic Agents / adverse effects
  • Antipsychotic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Decision Making
  • Drug Design
  • Humans
  • Patient Participation
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Precision Medicine
  • Quality of Life*
  • Schizophrenia / drug therapy*
  • Schizophrenia / physiopathology
  • Self Report
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Antipsychotic Agents