Objectives: To evaluate the role of the omohyoid muscle anatomic variants as a possible reversible cause of internal jugular vein extrinsic compression.
Method: We describe a chronic cerebro-spinal venous insufficiency patient, who presented a omohyoid muscle entrapment of the internal jugular vein, confirmed by both magnetic resonance venography and ultrasound investigation. A omohyoid muscle surgical transection together with a patch angioplasty was performed.
Results: The surgical procedure led to both IJV flow restoration and neurological improvement.
Conclusions: The omohyoid muscle compression on the internal jugular vein seems to be a possible cause of venous obstruction, but several anatomical and patho-physiological aspects need further investigations. Such picture might cause balloon venous angioplasty inefficacy and needs to be preoperatively considered.
Keywords: Omohyoid muscle; chronic cerebro-spinal venous insufficiency; jugular entrapment.
© The Author(s) 2013 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.