Connect to protect and the creation of AIDS-competent communities

AIDS Educ Prev. 2013 Jun;25(3):255-67. doi: 10.1521/aeap.2013.25.3.255.


The development of community capacity is integral to reducing the burden of HIV in high-risk populations (Kippax, 2012). This study examines how coalitions addressing structural level determinants of HIV among youth are generating community capacity and creating AIDS-competent communities. AIDS-competent communities are defined as communities that can facilitate sexual behavior change, reduce HIV/AIDS–related stigma, support people living with HIV/AIDS, and cooperate in HIV–related prevention practices. This study shows how the coalitions are fostering the resources indicative of AIDS-competent communities: knowledge and skills, enhanced dialogue among relevant sectors of the community, local ownership of a problem, confidence in local strengths, solidarity or bonding social capital, and bridging partnerships. These data show that the coalitions catalyzed several outcomes aside from the completion of their structural changes. Coalition members are developing the skills, resources, and relationships that can ostensibly build a heightened community response to HIV prevention.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Capacity Building*
  • Child
  • Community Networks / organization & administration*
  • Community-Based Participatory Research / organization & administration*
  • Cooperative Behavior
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • Health Promotion / methods
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Male
  • Organizational Innovation
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Social Facilitation
  • Social Support*
  • Young Adult