Cellular therapies have shown immense promise in the treatment of nonhealing wounds. Cell sheets are an emerging strategy in tissue engineering, and these cell sheets are promising as a delivery method of mesenchymal stem cells to the wound bed. Cell sheet technology utilizes temperature dependent polymers to allow for lifting of cultured cells and extracellular matrix without the use of digestive enzymes. While mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have shown success in cell sheets for myocardial repair, examination of cell sheets in the field of wound healing has been limited. We previously developed a novel cell sheet composed of human adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs). Both single and triple layer cell sheets were examined in a full-thickness murine wound model. The treatment cell sheets were compared with untreated controls and analyzed at timepoints of 7, 14, 18 and 21 d. The ASC cell sheets showed increased healing at 7, 14 and 18 d, and this effect was increased in the triple layer cell sheet group. Future development of these cell sheets will focus on increasing angiogenesis in the wound bed, utilizing multiple cell types, and examining allogeneic cell sheets. Here we review our experiment, expand upon our future directions and discuss the potential of an off-the-shelf cell sheet. In the field of wound healing, such a cell sheet is both clinically and scientifically exciting.
Keywords: adipose-derived stem cell; angiogenesis; bone marrow-derived stem cell; cell sheet; mesenchymal stem cell; wound healing.