Objectives: Aim of this study was to analyze feasibility, efficacy, and safety of a double-ProGlide preclose technique for access site closure after transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI).
Background: An effective and safe transcutaneous closure device is advantageous in transfemoral TAVI to avoid surgical cut down of the large caliber sheath insertion site. The use of two ProGlide sutures has not been described in this context in a large patient cohort.
Methods: ProGlide closure was used between 2010 and 2012 in 162 patients. ProGlide sutures were deployed in a preclose technique prior to insertion of the large caliber sheath. Success of the closure technique was defined as effective hemostasis and no further access site-related vascular or bleeding complications during the index hospitalization.
Results: Patients were 82 ± 5 years old with a logistic EuroSCORE of 16.7 ± 12.5. Edwards SAPIEN valves were used in 81.5% and Medtronic CoreValves in 18.5%. The overall success rate of the double-ProGlide technique was 93.9%. Success rate was only 40.0% under circumstances of prolonged high-dose heparinization. Success rate was 96.8% among the patients on dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). All 10 ProGlide failures could effectively be managed by either percutaneous angioplasty or surgical reconstruction. The rate of VARC major vascular complications was 4.3%. Thirty-day mortality was 5.6%.
Conclusion: The double-ProGlide preclose technique offers a simple, highly effective, and safe method for closure of the arterial access site after transfemoral TAVI. The double-ProGlide strategy results in low rates of major vascular complications and translates into favorable early outcome.
Keywords: Perclose ProGlide; transcatheter aortic valve implantation; transfemoral; vascular closure device.
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.