Developing and testing a middle-range theory of the well-being supportive physical environment of home-dwelling elderly

ScientificWorldJournal. 2013 May 13;2013:945635. doi: 10.1155/2013/945635. Print 2013.


The aim is to describe the development of a middle-range theory by using an inductive-deductive approach. A theory of well-being supporting physical environment of home-dwelling elderly is used as an example. The inductive-deductive theory development process is described through four different phases: (1) the creations of concepts were described inductively through concept synthesis, (2) relationships between the concepts were examined to set up a hypothetical model, (3) hypotheses were set up to verify the concepts and to test hypothetical models, and (4) the verification and presentation of the theory.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Finland
  • Geriatric Nursing / methods*
  • Health Services for the Aged*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Models, Nursing*
  • Nursing Care / methods*
  • Nursing Homes*
  • Self Concept*
  • Social Environment*