Amnioinfusion: a technique for the relief of variable deceleration

J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 1990 Jul-Aug;19(4):299-303. doi: 10.1111/j.1552-6909.1990.tb01650.x.


Human and animal studies have demonstrated an association between decreased amniotic fluid and the occurrence of variable decelerations in the fetal heart rate. Amnioinfusion is a new investigational technique directed at decreasing the number and severity of variable decelerations by infusion of a normal saline solution into the uterine cavity. The technique may provide a mechanism for protecting the umbilical cord from compression and, thereby, ameliorating fetal distress. This article describes amnioinfusion and discusses related nursing implications for patients undergoing the procedure.

MeSH terms

  • Amnion*
  • Amniotic Fluid*
  • Female
  • Fetal Distress / drug therapy*
  • Fetal Distress / nursing
  • Fetal Distress / physiopathology
  • Heart Rate, Fetal
  • Humans
  • Injections / instrumentation
  • Injections / methods*
  • Obstetric Labor Complications / drug therapy*
  • Patient Care Planning
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Pregnancy
  • Sodium Chloride / administration & dosage
  • Sodium Chloride / therapeutic use*


  • Sodium Chloride