Evaluating the effectiveness of enhancing resilience in human service professionals using a retreat-based Mindfulness with Metta Training Program: a randomised control trial

Psychol Health Med. 2014;19(3):355-64. doi: 10.1080/13548506.2013.806815. Epub 2013 Jun 14.


This paper explores the feasibility of a brief Mindfulness with Metta Training Program (MMTP), targeting the enhancement of mindfulness and self-compassion in a retreat format, as a means of increasing resilience in human services professionals. In this randomised control trial, 44 human services professionals were randomly allocated either to a MMTP retreat group or to a control group. Following the MMTP intervention, no significant differences between the retreat and control groups were found on resilience, mindfulness and self-compassion variables. However, significant improvements were observed over time for the retreat group for mindfulness and self-compassion at one and four months and for resilience at four-months post MMTP intervention. The results of this pilot study show that MMTP in a retreat format is a promising method of increasing resilience, mindfulness and self-compassion in human services professionals.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Beneficence
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Meditation / methods*
  • Middle Aged
  • Mindfulness / methods*
  • Pilot Projects
  • Resilience, Psychological*
  • Self Concept
  • Social Welfare / psychology
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult