Assisted reproduction in a cohort of same-sex male couples and single men

Reprod Biomed Online. 2013 Aug;27(2):217-21. doi: 10.1016/j.rbmo.2013.05.003. Epub 2013 May 16.


To date, there is limited published data on same-sex male couples and single men using assisted reproduction treatment to build their families. The objective of this retrospective study was to better understand treatment considerations and outcomes for this population when using assisted reproduction treatment. A total of 37 same-sex male couples and eight single men (seven homosexual and one heterosexual) who attended the CReATe Fertility Centre for assisted reproduction services were studied. There was a 21-fold increase in the number of same-sex male couples and single men undergoing assisted reproduction treatment since 2003. The mean age was 46years (24-58). Twenty-eight couples (76%) chose to use spermatozoa from both partners to fertilize their donated oocytes. Most men (32 same-sex male couples and seven single men; 87%) obtained oocytes from an anonymous donor, whereas five couples and one single man (13%) had a known donor. Anonymous donors who were open to be contacted by the child after the age of 18 were selected by 67% of patients. Of all 25 deliveries, eight (32%) were sets of twins. All of the twins were half genetic siblings.

Keywords: assisted reproduction treatment; gay men; homosexuality; ovum donor; parenthood; same-sex couples.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cohort Studies
  • Directed Tissue Donation
  • Family Characteristics
  • Family Planning Services*
  • Female
  • Fertilization in Vitro*
  • Homosexuality, Male
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Men's Health*
  • Middle Aged
  • Ontario
  • Oocyte Donation
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Single Person
  • Spermatozoa*
  • Surrogate Mothers*
  • Tissue Donors
  • Twins
  • Young Adult