Integration of Latino/a cultural values into palliative health care: a culture centered model

Palliat Support Care. 2014 Apr;12(2):149-57. doi: 10.1017/S147895151300028X. Epub 2013 Jun 17.

Abstract

Objective: Culture helps us grapple with, understand, and navigate the dying process. Although often overlooked, cultural values play a critical and influential role in palliative care. The purpose of the present study was two-fold: one, to review whether Latino/a cultural values have been integrated into the palliative care literature for Latinos/as; two, identify publications that provide recommendations on how palliative care providers can integrate Latino/a cultural values into the end-of-life care.

Method: A comprehensive systematic review on the area of Latino/a cultural values in palliative care was conducted via an electronic literature search of publications between 1930-2013. Five articles were identified for reviewing, discussing, or mentioning Latino/a cultural values and palliative care.

Results: Only one article specifically addressed Latino/a cultural values in palliative care. The four remaining articles discuss or mention cultural values; however, the cultural values were not the main focus of each article's thesis.

Significance of results: The results of the current study highlight the lack of literature specifically addressing the importance of integrating Latino/a cultural values into the delivery of palliative care. As a result, this article introduces the Culture-Centered Palliative Care Model (CCPC). The article defines five key traditional Latino/a cultural values (i.e., familismo, personalismo, respeto, confianza, and dignidad), discusses the influence of each value on palliative health care, and ends with practical recommendations for service providers. Special attention is given to the stages of acculturation and ethnic identity.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Attitude to Death / ethnology*
  • Cultural Competency*
  • Databases, Bibliographic
  • Family / ethnology*
  • Hispanic Americans / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Palliative Care / psychology*
  • Professional-Family Relations
  • Social Values / ethnology*
  • Terminal Care / psychology*
  • United States