The Streptomyces phylogroup pratensis (Doroghazi and Buckley, 2010) contains isolates obtained from grassy fields, as well as Streptomyces flavogriseus ATCC 33331 and strain CGMCC 4.1868. This latter strain was received as Streptomyces griseoplanus but was subsequently found to be mislabeled, and S. flavogriseus ATCC 33331 (=IAF-45-CD) was shown to be clearly distinct from the type strain S. flavogriseus ATCC 25452(T) (=CGMCC 4.1884(T)). In order to evaluate the taxonomic position of phylogroup pratensis further, sequences of the 16S rRNA gene and five protein-coding housekeeping genes (atpD, gyrB, recA, rpoB and trpB) were determined for six strains of the phylogroup and type strains of 19 related species, which were selected by a BLAST search based on the sequences of the phylogroup. The 16S rRNA gene sequences for the phylogroup were identical to those of eight species belonging to cluster I of the S. griseus clade. However, in all the individual protein-coding gene and MLSA phylogenies, the phylogroup strains without exception formed an obviously distinct cluster that could be equated with a new species status. The phylogenetic evidence for the new species assignment was also supported by corresponding DNA-DNA hybridization values and by phenotypic characteristics. It is therefore proposed that the phylogroup should be classified as Streptomyces pratensis sp. nov., and the type strain is ch24(T) (=CGMCC 4.6829(T)=NRRL B-24916(T)).
Keywords: 16S rRNA; DDH; MLSA; Phenotypic characteristics; Streptomyces phylogroup pratensis; Streptomyces pratensis sp. nov..
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