Neuroradiological findings in maple syrup urine disease

J Pediatr Neurosci. 2013 Jan;8(1):31-3. doi: 10.4103/1817-1745.111419.


Maple syrup urine disease is a rare inborn error of amino acid metabolism involving catabolic pathway of the branched-chain amino acids. This disease, if left untreated, may cause damage to the brain and may even cause death. These patients typically present with distinctive maple syrup odour of sweat and urine. Patients typically present with skin and urine smelling like maple syrup. Here we describe a case with relevant magnetic resonance imaging findings and confirmatory biochemical findings.

Keywords: Magnetic resonance imaging; maple syrup urine disease; restricted diffusion.