Effect of nurse practitioner comanagement on the care of geriatric conditions

J Am Geriatr Soc. 2013 Jun;61(6):857-67. doi: 10.1111/jgs.12268.

Abstract

Objectives: To determine whether community-based primary care physician (PCP)-nurse practitioner (NP) comanagement implementing the Assessing Care of Vulnerable Elders (ACOVE)-2 model: (case finding, delegation of data collection, structured visit notes, physician and patient education, and linkage to community resources) can improve the quality of care for geriatric conditions.

Design: Case study.

Setting: Two community-based primary care practices.

Participants: Patients aged 75 and older who screened positive for at least one condition: falls, urinary incontinence (UI), dementia, and depression.

Intervention: The ACOVE-2 model augmented by NP comanagement of conditions.

Measurements: Quality of care according to medical record review using ACOVE-3 quality indicators (QIs). Individuals receiving comanagement were compared with those who received PCP care alone in the same practices.

Results: Of 1,084 screened individuals, 658 (61%) screened positive for more than one condition; 485 of these were randomly selected for chart review and triggered a mean of seven QIs. A NP saw 49% for comanagement. Overall, individuals received 57% of recommended care. Quality scores for all conditions (falls, 80% vs 34%; UI, 66% vs 19%; dementia, 59% vs 38%) except depression (63% vs 60%) were higher for individuals who saw a NP. In analyses adjusted for sex and age of patient, number of conditions, site, and a NP estimate of medical management style, NP comanagement remained significantly associated with receiving recommended care (P < .001), as did NP estimate of medical management style (P = .02).

Conclusion: NP comanagement is associated with better quality of care for geriatric conditions in community-based primary care than usual care using the ACOVE-2 model.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Disease Management*
  • Female
  • Geriatrics*
  • Humans
  • Interprofessional Relations
  • Male
  • Nurse Practitioners / organization & administration*
  • Physicians, Primary Care
  • Primary Care Nursing / methods*
  • Quality of Health Care / standards*
  • Retrospective Studies