Staphylococcus aureus is a common cause of skin and soft tissue infections in animal and humans. In the current study, we hypothesized that early host responses to S. aureus infection leading to the recruitment of neutrophils and control of the bacterium at the site of infection depend on the expression of Serpine-1 and Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase type-1, two important endogenous proteinase inhibitors that possess regulatory properties on a variety of pathophysiological conditions. Using a mouse model of skin infection and single-gene and double-gene knockout mice, however, our observations showed that Serpine-1 and Tissue inhibitor of metalloprotease type-1 did not impact the number of bacteria accumulating at the site of infection. Double-gene knockout mice further had the same volume of accumulating host cells at the site of infection, while single Tissue inhibitor of metalloprotease type-1 knockout mice showed a decreased number of cells. Follow-up studies demonstrated changes in Serpine-1, Tissue inhibitor of metalloprotease type-1 and IL-6 plasma levels following challenge. In addition, double-gene knockout mice did not differ from wild-type mice in white blood cell, granulocyte and leucocyte counts, while single-gene genotypes differed in these phenotypes.
Keywords: Serpine-1; Tissue inhibitor of metalloprotease type-1; host response; neutrophil recruitment.
© 2013 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. All rights reserved.