Critical issues in implementing a national integrated all-vaccine preventable disease surveillance system

Vaccine. 2013 Jul 2;31 Suppl 3(0 3):C94-8. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2013.05.034.


In 2007, the World Health Organization published the Global Framework for Immunization Monitoring and Surveillance (GFIMS) outlining measures to enhance national surveillance for vaccine preventable diseases (VPDs). The GFIMS emphasized that VPD surveillance should be integrated and placed in a 'unified framework' building upon the strengths of existing surveillance systems to prevent duplication of activities common to all surveillance systems and to minimize human resource and supply expenditures. Unfortunately, there was little experience in actually developing integrated VPD surveillance. We describe the process of developing operational guidance for ministries of health to implement such an integrated surveillance system for multiple VPDs.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S.
  • Costa Rica
  • Data Collection / economics*
  • Epidemiological Monitoring
  • Humans
  • Immunization Programs / economics
  • Pan American Health Organization
  • Pilot Projects
  • Public Health Administration / economics*
  • Public Health Surveillance / methods*
  • Regional Health Planning / economics
  • United States
  • Vaccines
  • World Health Organization


  • Vaccines