Relapse situations and self-efficacy: an integrative model

Addict Behav. 1990;15(3):271-83. doi: 10.1016/0306-4603(90)90070-e.


Researchers studying relapse for an addictive behavior have employed two different conceptual models. Researchers concerned with typologies of relapse situations have developed a variety of discrete classes of high risk situations. Researchers who have employed a Self-efficacy approach have typically assessed different situations but scored the measure as a single general construct. Using structural modeling, this paper evaluates five alternative measurement models, representing alternative conceptualizations. A hierarchical model which integrates the previously competing models provided the best fit to the data and serves to explain a large body of previous findings. The model includes three first order constructs (Positive/Social; Negative/Affective; and Habit/Addictive) and one general second-order factor. The results were replicated across two different response formats and two different subject samples.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Affect
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Internal-External Control*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motivation
  • Personality Inventory
  • Psychometrics
  • Recurrence
  • Risk Factors
  • Self Concept*
  • Smoking / psychology*
  • Smoking / therapy
  • Social Environment