Objective: The objectives of this present case study are to report a rare combination of a displaced talar neck fracture with a compression fracture of the calcaneocuboid joint in a 5-year-old child and to describe its radiological features, surgical treatment and clinical outcome. A 5-year-old male boy was injured in a car accident in which his left foot underwent one of the tires. On arrival at the hospital, a displaced talar neck fracture associated both with a cuboid fracture and compression of the articular surface of the cuboid at the calcaneocuboid join was identified. Fractures were fixed surgically. Leg was protected with a below-knee plaster split immobilization and non-weight-bearing for 5 weeks. After that period, the patient initiated a rehabilitation protocol with active and passive motion exercises.
Discussion: Fractures and fracture dislocations at the mid-tarsal joint have an important impact on the global foot function because malunion can result in post-traumatic arthritis and three-dimensional deformities of the foot. If a cuboid compression fracture is not reduced properly, it can result in the shortening of the lateral column with the development of an abduction, pronation and flat foot deformity. A talar neck fracture, if unreduced, can result in medial column displacement and rotational dislocation of the talar head, leading to a subluxation in the talonavicular joint with severe restriction of foot function. With early surgical treatment and open reduction and internal fixation, our patient recovered from the accident without having symptoms of pain, avascular necrosis, postoperative foot deformities or neurovascular deficits.
Conclusions: The combination of a displaced talar neck fracture with a compression fracture of the calcaneocuboid joint in children usually requires correct diagnoses and early treatment with anatomic reduction and internal fixation to prevent severe post-traumatic deformities.
Level of evidence: V.