The phospholipidome of blood microparticles (MPs) obtained from platelet-rich plasma of healthy individuals was characterized by hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) coupled to electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS). The HILIC separation, performed on a silica stationary phase using an acetonitrile/methanol gradient, enabled the separation of several phospholipids (PL) classes, viz., phosphatidyl-cholines (PCs), -ethanolamines (PEs), -serines (PSs), -inositoles (PIs), sphyngomielins (SMs), and lyso forms of PCs and PEs. Structural characterization of species belonging to each class was performed by MS/MS measurements, in either positive or negative ion mode. The set of 131 phospholipids (including regioisomers) here identified represents the most comprehensive phospholipidomic characterization reported for human MPs. Although the phospholipidome composition of MPs and platelets, collected from the same donors, was found to be qualitatively the same, quantitative differences were evidenced for lyso-PCs, which appear to be significantly more abundant in MPs.