Objective: This qualitative study explored barriers and enabling factors to the implementation of an oral hygiene protocol in nursing homes.
Background: Oral health care in nursing homes in Flanders (Belgium) is inadequate.
Materials and methods: Qualitative data were obtained from nurses employed in 13 nursing homes involved in two randomised controlled trials in Flanders-Belgium. Data were collected by focus group and face-to-face interviews during April 2005 and December 2009. All transcripts were analysed with support of NVivo 8 (Version 2008). Transcripts were intuitively analysed in a two-step method.
Results: Most revealed barriers were consistent with previous findings in the literature. Newly reported barriers were respect for residents' self-determination, experience based oral health care by nurses, residents' oral health status and nurses' inability to notice residents' oral health status. Demand-driven oral health care was found to be a strong enabling factor.
Conclusion: The integration of oral health care into day-to-day care seems to be a major problem due to a multitude of barriers. In future implementation innovations in oral health care an a priori assessment of influencing factors is recommended.
Keywords: barriers and enabling factors; nursing homes; oral health care.
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S and The Gerodontology Society. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.